Torrents are awesome. and when it comes to sharing large files, they’re the best possible way to get things done. Anyone who knows how to surf the net probably also knows how to download files using BitTorrent. But surprisingly not many of them know how to create their own Torrents.
Let me ask you one question. How do you share large files with your friends?
If the answer of that question is not BitTorrent yet, it will soon be. Let’s see how you can make your own .torrent file and share it with your friends or even with strangers.
A basic explanation on how BitTorrent works is in order here, but if you are familiar with it or only interested in knowing how to make your own .torrent file you can skip this next part.
How does BitTorrent Work?
Before we get started, let’s see how BitTorrent works. While downloading files via BitTorrent is fairly simple, what happens behind the scenes is rather interesting.
Some might think BitTorrent is a program, but it’s not. It’s a protocol that allows you to download files quickly while uploading the bits of the same file at the same time. The programs that run allow you to download files are called BitTorrent Clients. Clients are supposed to follow the rules of the BitTorrent protocol.
Traditionally, we download files in a client-server configuration in which one server is providing data to many clients requesting a particular file. With increasing amount of traffic, downloading speed decreases and at some point the server might even crash. BitTorrent saves you from this painfully slow process.
With BitTorrent rather than communicating with a central server computers communicate with other computers that contain the file that you need fully or partially. These computers are called peers. Peers communicate with one another and provide data to each other in bits and pieces. So while you’re downloading a file you are not downloading it from a central server but from multiple peers that happen to have the same file on their hard drive that you need. Only downloading files from other computers at a fast speed is not good. If they’re helping you out, you gotta help ‘em out too. You can’t only take, you also have to give. Hence, while you’re downloading the file you’re also uploading it at a much slower rate than downloading it. You upload all the pieces that are available to you.Just like you are getting your file in pieces from other peers, you are giving away your pieces to some other computer that wants to download the same file. This process is called “seeding”.
Sometimes even after you have downloaded the file, your BitTorrent client still keeps uploading. This means you’re still seeding, you’re still helping out someone else in the Peer-to-Peer to network.
While you might think uploading it after your download is complete, is waste of your bandwidth. But in BitTorrent’s book, that’s a good thing for you. Seeding is a good thing. It puts you at a higher rank in the system which improves your download speed. With BitTorrent, the more files you share with others, the faster your downloads are.
This video will help you understand the whole concept of BitTorrent better :
Let’s Get Started
Now that you have some basic understanding of how BitTorrent works, let’s make our own .torrent file. Before we proceed, you’ll need a torrent client to make your own torrent like uTorrent or BitComet.
Create Your Own Torrent
Creating your own Torrent is as simple as downloading one. Your BitTorrent client takes care of it all.
Step 1 First go to the File Menu and click on New Torrent. In different clients it will be named differently, of course, but you will be able to get it easily.
Step 2 Create New Torrent dialog box will appear and you will have to specify the source i.e. the file that you want to share.
Step 3 After You’ve specified the source now it’s time for you to add Trackers. Trackers are special computers that keep track of the peers that have the file that is needed by another peer. As you can tell, without Trackers your Torrent file is likely to fail. You should have at least one Tracker specified but you can specify multiple trackers as well.
Here are some public trackers that you can use to create your torrent file:
Step 4 We’re almost done. You can tick Private Torrent at the end but only if you’re using a Private Tracker. Since we are using Public Trackers here in this example, Don’t check Private Torrent.
Step 5 Click on Create and Save Torrent. Congratulations! you’ve created your own .torrent file. Now give this file to your friend so that they can run it on their BitTorrent Client.
You can easily share files that are over a gigabyte in size with your friends. You can also upload it to Torrent sites but make sure your file isn’t violating any copyrights.
Hopefully, now you’ve realised why you should use BitTorrent and not MSN or Google Drive to share large files.
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